Essay On Salt Satyagraha

Mahatma Gandhi and The Salt March Essays

1427 Words6 Pages

In an effort to help free India from the British rule, Mahatma Gandhi once again contributed to a protest against salt taxes, known as the Salt March. This protest advocated Gandhi’s theory of satyagraha or nonviolent disobedience as the nation came together on March 12, 1930 to walk the 241 miles long journey to the shores of Dandi to attain salt. Although some Indians criticized Gandhi for not achieving direct independence from the Raj or British rule, Gandhi’s execution of the Salt March helped to create a stronger nation for the Indians to live in. Gandhi motivated the Indians to act robustly against the injustices of the salt taxes through nonviolent means. This caused Gandhi to create a temporary compromising pact between Gandhi and…show more content…

Gandhi believed that if the Satyagrahis maintained a strong posture, then satyagraha would become even more effective. Unfortunately, after the trip to Dandi, Gandhi was arrested as a consequence for the execution of Salt March along with the other protesters who were involved in “buying, selling, or making salt” (Gold 86). However, while being held captive, a poet and a close associate of Gandhi, Mrs. Sarojini Naidu, took an advantage of the new attention that the Satyagrahis and Gandhi had aroused by leading another protest on the Dharsana Salt Works, which caused intense physical harm to the protestors. Anne Todd asserts that as a leader of this particular protest, Naidu inspired and reminded the Satyagrahis that even though “Gandhi’s body is in jail…his soul is with you. India’s prestige is in your hands. You must not use any violence under any circumstances. You will be beaten but you must not resist; you must not even raise a hand to ward off blows” (66). As the demonstrators approached the site, they encountered the British police officers who were trying to block them and were brutally bashing these Indians with “five-foot-long steel-tipped clubs” (Todd 66). Despite the British’ effort, these satyagrahis relentlessly marched forward. Ved Mehta points out a correspondent for United Press, Webb Miller, who reports on the incident at the Dharsana Salt Works:

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Ghandi: Dandi Salt March Essay


Mahatma Gandhi’s Salt March from March 12th-April 5th (From Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi)

Mahatma (Great Soul) Gandhi (1869-1948)
He’s considered to be the father of his country. He was the leader of the Indian nationalist movement against British rule.
He’s internationally esteemed for his doctrine of non-violence to achieve political and social progress.

The Indian people had disliked British rule since the 10th centenary. There were campaigns of civil disobedience and non-cooperation with the British by some members of the Indian congress party for example Nehru. They took up the cause of home rule in 1917 and were guided in their campaign by Mahatma (Muhandas). He encouraged the boycotting of British goods and non-payment of taxes, he also encouraged passive, or non-violent, resistance to the British.

In early 1930 Gandhi, Nehru and the congress made a call for purna swarag, or complete independence from British rule.
Gandhi wrote a letter which he addressed to Lord Erwin, the viceroy on March the 2nd.
He wrote “ Dear Friend, I cannot intentionally hurt anything that lives, much less fellow human beings, even though they may do the greatest wrong to me and mine. Whilst therefore, I hold the British rule to be a curse, I do not intend to harm a single Englishman or any legitimate interest he may have in India…” Gandhi went on to note the inequities in the salary paid to Indians and British officials. For example the viceroy received over five thousand times the Indians national income. Gandhi didn’t wish to humiliate the viceroy and apologised for taking “A personal illustration...

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